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マーガレット・ヒギンズ・サンガー(Margaret Higgins Sanger, 1879年9月14日 - 1966年9月6日)は、米国の産児制限活動家。性教育者。優生学者。


  • Birth control is not contraception indiscriminately and thoughtlessly practiced. It means the release and cultivation of the better racial elements in our society, and the gradual suppression, elimination and eventual extirpation of defective stocks— those human weeds which threaten the blooming of the finest flowers of American civilization.
    • "Apostle of Birth Control Sees Cause Gaining Here", The New York Times, 1923-04-08
  • But during all the long years this matter has been discussed, advocated, refuted, the people themselves—poor people especially—were blindly, desperately practicing family limitation, just as they are practicing it today. To them birth control does not mean what it does to us. To them it has meant the most barbaric methods. It has meant the killing of babies—infanticide,—abortions,—in one crude way or another.
    しかし、長い間この問題は議論され、提唱され、反駁されてきました。人々もまた、特に貧しい人々は、今日のように、盲目的に家族の制限を実践していました。彼らにとっての産児制限は私たちのそれとは違います。 彼らにとって、それは最も野蛮な方法を意味しました。 それはなんらかの粗雑な方法で、幼児殺人、中絶、つまり赤ちゃんを殺すことでした。
    • My Fight for Birth Control, 1931, page 133.
  • You caused this. Mother is dead from having too many children.
    • 母親の葬儀にて父親に対する発言
    • Quoted in Nidhi Bhushan (2010-05-09). "The Pill turns 50". DNA.
  • I think the greatest sin in the world is bringing children into the world that have disease from their parents, that have no chance to be a human being, practically. Delinquents, prisoners, all sorts of things just marked when they're born. That to me is the greatest sin — that people can — can commit.
    • The Mike Wallace Interview (ABC), 1957-09-21

The Pivot of Civilization(文明の中枢)1922年[編集]

  • Those vast, complex, interrelated organizations aiming to control and to diminish the spread of misery and destitution and all the menacing evils that spring out of this sinisterly fertile soil, are the surest sign that our civilization has bred, is breeding and is perpetuating constantly increasing numbers of defectives, delinquents and dependents. My criticism, therefore, is not directed at the "failure" of philanthropy, but rather at its success.
  • These dangers inherent in the very idea of humanitarianism and altruism, dangers which have to-day produced their full harvest of human waste, of inequality and inefficiency, were fully recognized in the last century at the moment when such ideas were first put into practice.
  • In passing, we should here recognize the difficulties presented by the idea of 'fit' and 'unfit.' Who is to decide this question? The grosser, the more obvious, the undeniably feeble-minded should, indeed, not only be discouraged but prevented from propagating their kind. But among the writings of the representative Eugenists one cannot ignore the distinct middle-class bias that prevails.
  • Feeble-mindedness perpetuates itself from the ranks of those who are blandly indifferent to their racial responsibilities. And it is largely this type of humanity we are now drawing upon to populate our world for the generations to come. In this orgy of multiplying and replenishing the earth, this type is on equal footing multiplying and perpetuating those direst evils which we must, if civilization is to survive, extirpate by the very roots.